New Jersey Spine and Pain

Conditions

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Full List Of Conditions We Treat

Neck Pain
As you probably already know, back pain is a very common complaint. Low back pain (pain in your lumbar spine) is the most common. Most back pain comes from sprains and strains caused by stressful movements: lifting something without using proper techniques or a sudden twisting motion are just two examples of how you can hurt your back.

Sometimes, though, back pain is caused by a more severe spinal condition, such as a herniated disc or spondylosis. Depending on the severity of your pain and its cause, you may require more involved medical help, such as physical therapy or even surgery.
Failed Back Surgery Syndome
Failed back syndrome (FBS), also called "failed back surgery syndrome" (FBSS), refers to chronic back and/or leg pain that occurs after back (spinal) surgery, usually after laminectomy. It is characterized as a chronic pain syndrome.

Contributing factors include but are not limited to residual or recurrent disc herniation, persistent post-operative pressure on a spinal nerve, altered joint mobility, joint hypermobility with instability, scar tissue (fibrosis), depression, anxiety, sleeplessness and spinal muscular deconditioning.

Due to systemic disorders such as diabetes, autoimmune disease and peripheral blood vessels (vascular) disease. Some individual may be predisposed to the development of FBS.

Causes
  • Herniated disc
  • Post-operative pressure on the spinal nerve
  • Joint stiffness
  • Scar tissue
  • Vascular disease
Symptoms
  • Pain isolated to one side of the body
  • Dull, aching pain in the back or legs
  • Sharp pricks of pain in the extremities
  • Constant or persistent pain
Treatment
  • Physical therapy
  • Minor nerve blocks
  • Electrical nerve stimulation
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
Pain Diabetic
Diabetic neuropathy, a common complication of diabetes, is damage to the nerves that allow you to feel sensations such as pain. The areas of the body most commonly affected by diabetic peripheral neuropathy are the feet and legs. Rarely, other areas of the body such as the arms, abdomen, and back may be affected.

Symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy may include:
  • Tingling
  • Numbness (severe or long-term numbness can become permanent)
  • Burning (especially in the evening)
  • Pain
Back Pain
As you probably already know, back pain is a very common complaint. Low back pain (pain in your lumbar spine) is the most common. Most back pain comes from sprains and strains caused by stressful movements: lifting something without using proper techniques or a sudden twisting motion are just two examples of how you can hurt your back.

Sometimes, though, back pain is caused by a more severe spinal condition, such as a herniated disc or spondylosis. Depending on the severity of your pain and its cause, you may require more involved medical help, such as physical therapy or even surgery.
Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), also known as chronic Myofascial pain is a chronic condition that affects the fascia (connective tissue that covers the muscles). Myofascial pain syndrome may involve either a single muscle or a muscle group. In some cases, the area where a person experiences the pain may not be where the myofascial pain generator is located hardening of the muscle upon trigger point palpation, pseudo-weakness of the involved muscle, referred pain, and limited range of motion following approximately 5 seconds of sustained trigger point pressure.

Experts believe that the actual site of the injury or the strain prompts the development of a trigger point that, in turn, causes pain in other areas. This situation is known as referred pain.
Sciatica
Sciatica refers to pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg. It is caused by injury to or pressure on the sciatic nerve. Sciatica is a symptom of another medical problem, not a medical condition on its own.

Sciatica occurs when there is pressure or damage to the sciatic nerve. This nerve starts in the lower spine and runs down the back of each leg. This nerve controls the muscles of the back of the knee and lower leg and provides sensation to the back of the thigh, part of the lower leg, and the sole of the foot.

Common causes of sciatica include:
  • Slippded Disk
  • Piriformis syndrome (a pain disorder involving the narrow muscle in the buttocks)
  • Pelvic injury or fracture
  • Tumors
Sciatica pain can vary widely. It may feel like a mild tingling, dull ache, or a burning sensation. In some cases, the pain is severe enough to make a person unable to move.

The pain most often occurs on one side. Some people have sharp pain in one part of the leg or hip and numbness in other parts. The pain or numbness may also be felt on the back of the calf or on the sole of the foot. The affected leg may feel weak.

The pain often starts slowly. Sciatica pain may get worse:
  • After standing or sitting
  • At Night
  • When sneezing, coughing, or laughing
  • When bending backwards or walking more than a few yards, especially if caused by spinal stenosis
Other Conditions

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Herniated Disc Read Details
A herniated or "slipped" disc is a common spine injury that occurs when the jelly-like substance inside the intravertebral discs is forced outward either creating a bulge in the disc's membrane or leaking out through a tear in the membrane. The movement of the jelly-like substance places pressure on nearby nerves, which can cause pain and discomfort. There are two areas of the spine that can experience a herniated disc, the lumbar spine (lower back) and cervical spine (neck).

Causes
  • Trauma
  • Strain
  • Burning (especially in the evening)
  • Pain
Symptoms
  • Pain isolated to one side of the body
  • Pain that gets worse after standing or sitting
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
Treatment
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes like diet and exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Bulging Disc Read Details
Normally, soft, jelly-like discs that rest between the vertebrae (bony segments that make up the spine) are compressible, which allows the spine to react to motion and pressure without damage. When these discs become damaged, pain and difficulty moving can occur. A bulging disc is when the interior of the disc pushes up against the disc's membrane creating an outward push of the interior substance. These bulges can put pressure on the spinal nerves.

Causes
  • Trauma
  • Strain
  • Burning (especially in the evening)
  • Pain
Symptoms
  • Pain isolated to one side of the body
  • Pain that gets worse after standing or sitting
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
Treatment
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes like diet and exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Torn Disc Read Details
A torn disc is more severe than a bulge because the membrane that encloses the jelly-like interior of the disc becomes ripped open, allowing the gel to leak out. This creates pressure on the spinal nerves, which generates pain and numbness.

Causes
  • Trauma
  • Strain
  • Burning (especially in the evening)
  • Pain
Symptoms
  • Pain isolated to one side of the body
  • Pain that gets worse after standing or sitting
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
Treatment
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes like diet and exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Read Details
Cervical Radiculopathy occurs due to sustained damage by the root of the spinal nerves in the neck. These nerve root injuries are commonly referred to as "pinched nerves" and cause pain and numbness in the neck that radiates down the shoulder and into the arm.

Causes
  • Herniated disc
  • Age-related disc degeneration
  • Bone spurs
  • Arthritis
Symptoms
  • Sharp pain or a pins and needles sensation
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
Treatment
  • Soft neck collar
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Medication
  • Steroid injections
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica) Read Details
Lumbar Radiculopathy, commonly known as sciatica, is pain in the lower extremities that radiates from the lumbar spine (lower back). Pain is caused by compression at the roots of the spinal nerves, and generally causes discomfort in the lower back, hips, thighs, and travels down the legs. Compression most often occurs when the jelly-like substance in the intravertebral discs puts pressure on the nerves either by bulging out or by leaking out through a tear in the disc membrane.

Causes
  • Trauma
  • Herniated disc
  • Age-related disc degeneration
Symptoms
  • Pain radiating through the lower extremities
  • A "popping sound" when moving the lower back
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • Difficulty moving the lower extremities
Treatment
  • Medication
  • Cortisone injections
  • Physical therapy
  • Rest
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Degenerative Disc Disease Read Details
Degeneration of the soft, jelly-like intravertebral discs is a natural process that occurs over time, however in some cases this degeneration causes pain when the disc begins to exert pressure on the spinal nerves. Inflammation and instability that generate muscle spasms are the most common cause of pressure on the nerves. This condition can occur in the cervical spine (neck) or the lumbar spine (back).

Causes
  • Trauma
  • Herniated disc
  • Age-related disc degeneration
Symptoms
  • Pain radiating through the lower extremities
  • Increased pain when bending, lifting, or twisting
  • Relief when walking or moving
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
Treatment
  • Rest
  • Light exercise
  • Medication
  • Laser Spine Surgery
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Postherpetic Neuralgia Read Details
Once a shingles infection has healed, residual pain can occur for several months or even years due to the virus' presence in, and damage to, the nervous system. The spine pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia would be similar to that felt during the actual shingles outbreak.

Causes
  • Varicella zoster viral infection
  • Nerve damage
Symptoms
  • Pain in the area where shingles once occurred
  • Pain that lasts for a long period of time (at least several months)
Treatment
  • Anti-viral drugs
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Spinal cord stimulation
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Ischmemic Pain Read Details
Ischemia is a condition that occurs when blood flow to a part of the body is disrupted. This results is extreme pain because the nervous system is not getting the oxygen-rich blood it needs to survive. This type of pain can affect any part of the body.

Causes
  • Blocked blood vessels
  • Tourniquet application
  • Compression of blood vessels by outside forces
  • Low blood pressure
  • Embolism
  • Traumatic injury
Symptoms
  • Severe pain in the extremities
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
Treatment
  • Gradual restoration of blood flow
  • Medication
  • Physical therapy
Close Details
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Read Details
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis is a condition that occurs

Causes
Symptoms
Treatment
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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (RSD) Read Details
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (RSD) is a condition that occurs

Causes
Symptoms
Treatment
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Painful Diabetic Neuropathy Read Details
Painful Diabetic Neuropathy is a condition that occurs

Causes
Symptoms
Treatment
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